New Delhi, India
To whom it may concern,
As a world traveler and blogger, I feel I should say something about this recent trip I’m on. I’m in New Delhi right now, where the air pollution levels are off the charts. My husband is here on business and I decided to come along so we could explore New Delhi and visit the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, together on the weekend. Instead, we’re flying home tonight, because not only will the Taj most likely be obscured from view by thick smog, the air isn’t safe to breathe.
According to India’s Air Quality Index, the respirable pollutants PM 2.5 and PM 10 measured 803 and 999 respectively today. To put that into context, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) measures levels below 50 as healthy and anything above 300 as hazardous (see chart below). If we compare to China, which also suffers from severe air pollution, the level of pollutants in New Delhi today is 10 times the reading in Beijing. Breathing the air here is said to be the equivalent of smoking 50 cigarettes a day. Fifty. Yet, people here continue to carry on. A half marathon planned for Sunday 19th is still on.
EPA Air Pollution Guidelines
These particles are poisonous, small enough to carry deadly toxins, chemicals, and carcinogens into the bloodstream, increasing the risk and prevalence of respiratory disease and lung cancer.
The Indian Medical Association has declared a public health emergency, but only issued protection for children, closing all schools this week and urging residents to stay indoors. However, there is no protection for workers, not even those who work outside in physical jobs. I can still hear the constant beeping and honking of car horns from the street below, while a stage is being set up outside in the hotel garden for a big event that will still take place tonight. Just now I saw a man outside for his daily jog. People are just carrying on like nothing is wrong.
They are calling it a gas chamber. India has a responsibility to protect its citizens. It also has a responsibility to the international community.
A Bloomberg article today quoted a lung surgeon saying that the government should order the evacuation of Delhi as well as the closure of all offices to protect the people. Air pollution is a major killer of people living here, responsible for millions of deaths each year. So how and why is it that people appear so nonchalant over such a serious issue? Why are they not joining together in a mass protest, or staying home until the smog clears? My guess is that the answer lies somewhere between having no choice and a serious desensitization to this unfortunate, recurring problem.
It’s not as if the government is doing nothing, but clearly, it is not doing enough.
Contrary to popular belief, the traffic is not the main cause, although still a significant contributor. Crop and garbage burning, biomass burning, industry emissions, road and construction dust are all major sources of air pollution. The recent Diwali celebrations have also been a factor.
While I’ve definitely come here at a very bad time – reports show the smog to be at it’s worst annually between October and November – it’s been an eye-opening experience to witness the most polluted place in the world firsthand.
We arrived on Monday morning and I haven’t left my hotel since. Watching as the buildings outside faded from view. I’m avoiding the gym and exercise, as the smog is now also inside the hotel. The lobby and restaurants have the appearance of a cigar bar, columns of chemical smoke illuminated under the spotlights. My husband and his team return from the office each day coughing with sore throats.
It’s not just here in Delhi, the pollution is severe across most of Northern India. Even 200 km away in Agra, pollution levels are over 300 and responsible for the yellowing of the Taj Mahal.
Because we have a choice, we’ve decided to cut our trip short and return home. But for the 20 million people that live here, most have no choice but to stay. I hope by writing and sharing my experience, that you will pass it on and share it with your friends too. I honestly had no idea that it was this bad. Even my Indian friends, who are more frequent readers of Indian news than I, are shocked to hear about the situation here. I understand that there are no simple solutions here. But I do believe that more can be done.
A Concerned World Citizen